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History of Ludhiana

Ludhiana is a city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab, and is the largest city north of New Delhi. It is the largest city in the state, with an estimated population of 1,693,653 as of the 2011 Census. The population increases substantially during the harvesting season due to the migration of labourers from the eastern states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha and Delhi. It has an area of about 3,767 square kilometres (1,454 sq mi). The city stands on the Sutlej River's old bank, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) south of its present course. It is a major industrial centre of northern India, and was referred to as India's Manchester by the BBC.

Ludhiana is located 98 kilometres (61 mi) west of the state capital Chandigarh on NH 95 and is centrally located on National Highway 1, which runs from the Indian capital New Delhi to Amritsar. The city is also well connected to New Delhi by frequent rail service and by air.

The history of Ludhiana goes a back a long way to 1481 when it was merely a small village called Meer Hota. This village was initially ruled by yodhas from the 1st to the 4th century, it consequently came under King Samudragupta and the Rajputs .The original Ludhianavis settled here much later in the 9th century. This translation from Urdu of a passage of Gulam Sarvar Lahauris (alias Bute Shah) was written in the mid-19th century and is given in the Gazetteer for the Ludhiana District 1888-89:

During the reign of Sikandar, son of Bahlol Lodi, the people about Ludhiana were exploited by the plundering Baluchis, and applied to the Emperor for aid. Sikandar, in answer to their prayer, sent two of his Lodi chiefs, by name Yusaf Khan and Nihang Khan, with an army. These chiefs selected the present site of the Ludhiana city and Nihang Khan remained at Mir Hota as the Emperor's Lieutenant; and called the place Ludhiana. His son a grandson succeeded him. The latter, Jalal Khan, built the fort of Ludhiana and his two sons partitioned the country round about Ludhiana, which was then lying in abandonment, amongst the people of the town, and distributed them in villages. In the time of Jalal Khan's grandsons, Alu Khan and Khizr Khan, Babar overthrew the Lodi dynasty; and the Lodis of Ludhiana were demoted to the position of ordinary subjects of the Mughal Empire. They are said to have lived close to the fort for many generations, but all of their connections have now disappeared. The Lodi dynasty lost control of the throne of Delhi in 1526. The Mughals thus established a strong government at Sirhind, which itself was a sarkar (division) of the Delhi subah (province), and attached Ludhiana as a mahal or parganah. The history of Ludhiana thus entered its second phase.

The century and a half following the death of Akbar (a Mughal emperor) in 1605, Ludhiana was dominated by the rise of Sikhism as a power, and the decline of the Mughal Empire. By this time the Mughal Empire was coming to an edge, and various local powers began to declare their independence. The Rais of Raikot who until then had held a considerable tract of land around Ludhiana in lease from the emperors were some of the first to assert their independence. Raja Ala Singh of Patiala, the representative of the crumbling Delhi Sultanate and Rai Kalha II were the principal actors contenders for power in the region.

After the gradual fall of Sirhind, the last vestige of Mughal control over the area, and Ludhiana was surrendered to the Rais.  History of LudhianaThe Malaudh Sirdars belonging to the Phulkian stock had already established themselves in the south of Ludhiana in the Jangal villages and the country about Malaudh and Sudha Singh Gill. An adventurer from Loharu in the Ferozepur district secured a few villages around Sahnewal. In 1767 Ahmed Shah reached Ludhiana on his last voyage but could not get further.

Around 1785, the Sutlej changed in course and Ludhiana was no longer situated on its banks. In 1798, history of Ludhiana saw the ferocious attack by the Sikhs under Bedi Sahib Singh of Una. Then the ruler of the Rais, Rai Alias was just a child and his agents Roshan and Gujar made a good stand against the Sikhs at Jodh, ten miles (16 km) southwest of Ludhiana. Roshan was the killed in the fight, and Rai's army was dispersed. However, the Phulkian chiefs, who were on good terms with the Rais did not intend to allow the Bedi to establish himself in their midst and came to their assistance, driving the invaders out of the villages. Upon the Bedi's blockade of Ludhiana, the Rais called in British mercenary George Thomas to help with the protection of the city. On Thomas's approach, Bedi returned to the other side of the river. After consolidating with the new Sikh Empire, Maharaja Ranjit Singh crossed the Sutlej in 1806 in his first expedition against the Cis-Sutlej states and exposed the Rais of all their possessions, including Ludhiana. The city was occupied but not annexed to the Lahore state.

By 1809 Ranjit Singh brought a change in the history of Ludhiana and was completing his third expedition on the west bank of the Sutlej, ready to attack Ludhiana. Fearing further development that was coming closer to their headquarters in Delhi, British imperialist forces occupied the Cis-Sutlej states that were on the east of the Sutlej. The British sent Colonel David Ochterlony with a force to annex Ludhiana. However, by the end of 1809, the Treaty with the Rajah of Lahore was signed in, which the Rajah agreed to remain in the north and west of the Sutlej. British troops were permanently stopped in Ludhiana, and they established a cantonment to further merge their occupation. The British pain compensation to the Raja of Jind. In 1835, the Jind family, who technically still ruled Ludhiana, was left without any heirs. By the British doctrine of lapse, Ludhiana came under authorized control of the imperialists. After the First Afghan War, Ludhiana became the home of the exiled family of Shah Shuja. The British cantonment was abandoned in 1854 and during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Deputy-Commissioner Ricketts crushed a rebellion in Ludhiana with the support of the chiefs of Nabha and Maler Kotla. Maulana Habibur Rehman, a leader of the Indian Independence Movement, was born in Ludhiana. The history of Ludhiana narrates many tales of heroism and gallantry and thus the formation of the prestigious north Indian city of Ludhiana.

Name Foundation: Ludhiana or Lodiana, is called after the Lodis, which dynasty ruled at Delhi from A.D. 1451 to1526. The Two Lodi Chief, Yusaf khan and Nihang Khan, deputed by Sikandar Lodi (A.D.1489-1517) to restore order in the region, fixed head-quarters on the present location of Ludhiana city, which was at the time on more than a village called Mir Hota. Legend has it that Yusaf crossed the Satluj to check the Khokhars, who were then plundering the Jalandhar Doab, and settled at Sultanpur; Nihang Khan remained at Mir Hota as the Emperor?s lieutenant and called the place Ludhiana.

Ludhiana city is known as the industrial hub of Punjab, whose roots go back to the 15th century. This vivacious city has turn out to be a colourful bouquet of different cultures, thanks to its industrial status. The inventive & creative urge of the Ludhianivis noticeable itself beautifully in various industrial activities. Ludhiana has time & again been called the Manchester of India. Industries manufacturing Cycle & its parts, Woolens, Machine Tools, Sewing Machines, Generators, Diesel Engines, Tyres & Tubes and a host of other utilities and consumer goods dot the map of Ludhiana. The industrial products & hosiery manufactured in Ludhiana are not only used within India but they are also exported to different regions of the world.

No one is in a mood to listen while the city is crying hoarse. Not that there is so much rush, it is because the mind of its inhabitants is elsewhere. There is no space to stretch ones limbs and the time has been reduced to a roundabout at the Clock Tower. A grand race is taking place with no destination in sight. This marathon race is an end in itself. The promised joyride is in fact turning to be a pain in the neck. Still the show must go on; else the house of cards will come tumbling down. Amidst all this flurry of activities, there are literary discussions, cultural seminars, photograph and painting exhibitions, song and dance concerts, flower and baby shows, games and sports, stag parties and girlie outpourings, convocations and annual functions, declamations and debates, besides the get-togethers of senior citizens.

Still the city is bubbling with enthusiasm and wants to be heard, even in snatches. We have come up with this web directory in which the past and the present have been well balanced. It is in fact a historical, industrial and cultural monologue of Ludhiana. The city is heaving a sigh of relief that it has retained its identity since the times of Sultan Sikander Khan Lodhi. His Generals, Usuf Khan and Nihang Khan, laid its foundation in 1481 near Meer Hota village as an army cantonment. Later Meer Hota was renamed as Lodhiana. In 1785 the Sutlej changed its course and the bet area of the width of 9 km and the length of 90 km was added to the territorial range of Ludhiana. Thus, the outlines of a big city were demarcated. It was Jalal Khan, the grandson of General Nihang Khan, who built the Ludhiana Fort.

Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in the year 1480. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Ludhiana became an important British cantonment. Initially, in 1805, Maharaja Ranjit Singh had occupied Ludhiana. However, in 1809, the British decided to curb his advance eastwards and sent troops to confront him. Ranjit Singh was forced to sign the treaty of 'perpetual friendship' with the British, which confined his activities to the right bank of the Sutlej. British troops were permanently stationed in Ludhiana and the Cis-Sutlej states came under British protection.

However, Ludhianas claim to fame is not its commercial enterprises alone. It is an important pilgrimage center as there are many historic Gurudwaras. In Cultural & Educational fields, too, Ludhiana holds an outstanding place. Punjab Agricultural University, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College & Christian Medical College, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital are some of the premier educational & research institutes. Really, Ludhiana offers a mesmerizing quick look into the world of machines tempered with a thriving human touch.

Many leaders of the Indian freedom movement came from Ludhiana. Prominent among them were Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh Saraba, Baba Santa Singh and Maulana Habibur Rehman. Ludhiana has contributed five chief ministers, namely Bhim Sen Snahan, Justice Gurnam Singh, Gian Singh Rarewala, Lachaman Singh Gill and Beant Singh.

Know more about Ludhiana

Ludhiana, the only Industrial city in Northern India, stands on the G.T Rd from Delhi to Amritsar.

Ludhiana is a District Headquarter with Parliamentary Constituency of the same name.

Ludhiana is one of the Four Municipal Corporations of the State.

Ludhiana is Fastest-growing city in India. Its Population according to provisional figures of 2001 Census was 3030352 besides very large migrant population more than 10 lacs approximately.

Ludhiana has got the highest per capita vehicles in India. Every 3 months more than 10000 vehicles are added in the city.

Ludhiana is the Business Capital of Punjab, though the Official Capital of Punjab is Chandigarh.

Ludhiana is Located on Ambala-Jalandhar section of about 315 kms from Delhi and 113 kms from Ambala.

Shambhu, which is the last station of Punjab on Ambala side, is 96 kms from Ludhiana. Jalandhar is at a distance of 57 kms from Ludhiana on Amritsar side. The distance of Amritsar from Ludhiana is 136 kms.

Ludhiana is at the distance of 124 kms from Ferozepur & the Railway line and State Highway No. 18 connects both cities. Other Railway lines from Ludhiana go to Lohian Khas via Nakodar, Jakhal via Dhuri.

Ludhiana is a part of the Ludhiana-Moga-Ferozepur-Bhatinda-Malout-Muktsar-Faridkot tourist circuit in Punjab.

Geography

Ludhiana is located at 30.9°N 75.85°E. It has an average elevation of 244 metres (798 ft). Ludhiana City, to its residents, consists of the Old City and the New City (or the residential and official quarters of the Colonial British encampment, traditionally known as Civil Lines; this is as opposed to the Army Lines, which are no longer extant as the British Cantonment was abandoned in 1845).

The land dips steeply to the north and the west where, before 1785, the river Sutlej ran.

The Old Fort was at the banks of the Sutlej (and now houses the College of Textile Engineering). Legend has it that an underground tunnel connects it to the Fort in Phillaur – although why this should be is debatable, as the Sutlej was the traditional dividing line between the principalities, often occupied by enemy forces (see History section).

The ground is of yellow sandstone and granite, forming small hillocks, plateaus and dips.

The tree of largest natural extraction was the kikar, or Acacia indica, but has been supplanted by the eucalyptus, transplanted from rural Australia in the late 1980 by the government of Chief Minister Pratap Singh Kairon.

Gulmohars and jacarandas were planted by the British along the avenues of Civil Lines, as were other flowering trees, while the Old City contains almost no vegetation or parks, except for a few isolated pipal trees, holy to the Hindus, as it is supposed to be the abode of Lord Shiva.

Climate

Ludhiana features a humid subtropical under the Köppen climate classification, with three defined seasons; summer, monsoon and winter. Ludhiana on average sees roughly 730 millimetres (29 in) of precipitation annually.

Ludhiana has one of the worst air pollution problems top list of India in India, with particulate matter being over six times the World Health Organization recommended standard, making it the 4th most polluted city in the world. Industrial water pollution is also of significant concern in portions of Ludhiana, notably along the Budha Dariya.

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census Ludhiana had a population of 1,693,653. The literacy rate was 82.50 per cent. This population consists of 950,123 males and 743,530 females.

See also: List of cities in Punjab and Chandigarh

Commerce

Feroze Gandhi Market, Ludhiana

The World Bank ranked Ludhiana as the city in India with the best business environment in 2009 and 2013.

The riches are brought mostly by small-scale industrial units, which produce industrial goods, machine parts, auto parts, household appliances, hosiery, apparel, and garments. Ludhiana is Asia's largest hub for bicycle manufacturing and produces more than 50% of India's bicycle consumption of more than 10 million each year. Ludhiana produces 60% of India's tractor parts and a large portion of auto and two-wheeler parts. Many parts used in German cars like BMW and Mercedes are exclusively produced in Ludhiana to satisfy the world requirement. It is one of the largest manufacturer of sewing machines. Hand tools and precision industrial equipment is another speciality. The apparel industry Ludhiana is famous all over India for its woolen sweaters and cotton T-shirts; most of the top Indian woolen apparel brands are based in Ludhiana.

Ludhiana is also home to the Ludhiana Stock Exchange Association.

Ludhiana has almost 361 Senior Secondary, 367 High, 322 Middle and 1129 Primary and Pre-Primary recognized Schools, with a total of 398,770 students. Most of these Schools are either run by Central Board of Secondary Education or by Punjab School Education Board. Other boards are also there, which include convent boards. Sacred Heart Convent School, Sarabha Nagar is one of the most prestigious schools in the city. The city has many prestigious school chains too, such as SHSSS (BRS Ngr.), DAV Schools, BCM Schools. KVM is of the oldest schools of the city estd. in 1940 and the first school in the region to be affiliated by CBSE.

Agriculture

Ludhiana is home to the largest agricultural university in Asia and one of the largest in the world, Punjab Agricultural University. The College of Veterinary Sciences at PAU had been recently upgraded to the Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU).

Medical

The entrance of the old building of Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, the first medical school for women in Asia was founded by Dame Edith Mary Brown in 1894.

Engineering

Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College is a very old and renowned institution offering best available facilities and education for engineering students. Research & development centre for bicycle and sewing machine. R and D polytechnic college there are other institutes catering to local and surrounding areas such as Institute of Banking Services (IBS).

Management

Ludhiana has many MANAGEMENT Colleges providing courses such as Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Hospitality and Management (HM), Airlines Tourism and Hospitality management (ATHM), Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA), and Bachelor of Commerce. (B.Com)

There are few good colleges providing these courses both part-time as well as full-time, such as the Punjab College of Technical Education (PCTE), Synetic Business School (SBS) Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Sri Aurobindo College of Commerce and Management (SACCM) and also Government college for boys and Government college for girls. Khalsa College and Arya college are also good colleges to study as a part-time student.

For Foreign students Punjab College of Technical Education (PCTE), Synetic Business School (SBS) and Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) are good colleges to apply and study.

Transportation

Ludhiana is well connected by air and rail as Ludhiana railway station is on main Delhi-Amritsar route and is an important railway junction with lines going to Jalandhar, Ferozepur, Dhuri and Delhi. The city is very well connected with daily or weekly trains to most places in India including the major cities of Jammu, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala, Pathankot, Kanpur, Jaipur, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. For administrative reasons the station is under Ferozepur Railway Division.The railway line between Ludhiana and Chandigarh opened in 2013. The government has even passed a dedicated freight track between Ludhiana and Kolkata.

A DMU Train in Ludhiana

Airport

Ludhiana is not connected by air with Delhi. There is no flight from to Ludhiana. There was a proposal to construct a new international airport in Ludhiana which has since been cancelled. Ludhiana's status as a large industrial hub is cited as a reason for another airport in Punjab after Amritsar And Pathankot

Ludhiana Metro

This project has been scrapped by the government because lack of funds

The government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Delhi for construction of a Ludhiana Metro. This light transit system will serve about 25 years to Ludhiana. There will be two corridors in Ludhiana Metro. This two corridors of metro will give relief to many roads to some extent.

City Transportation.

Ludhiana is connected with other cities of Punjab and also with other states by Bus service. Several major National Highways, NH1, NH95, NH11, NH20 pass through the city. The transportation services are provided by state owned Punjab Roadways and private bus operators.

City business service has been cancelled Moving around inside the city is done mostly by City-buses, auto-rickshaws, and Cycle rickshaw, while latest Ludhiana BRTS is under construction.

Auto Rickshaw

The Auto Rickshaw is a three-wheel drive vehicle, which is one way to travel in the city. These Auto Rickshaws have the capacity to hold three to six passengers. It can be hired individually or on a sharing basis. The Auto Rickshaws are easily available at every major place, including the Inter State Bus Terminal and The Railway Station at a nominal fare which varies from ? 10 to ? 30..

Rickshaw

Cycle rickshaw is widely used in Ludhiana. The Rickshaw or tricycle is pulled by a person and is a relatively cheap way of traveling in the city, but has become pricey after the autos were being scrapped.

Taxi

Radio taxis are also easily available. It is also the most used means of transport by the people of Ludhiana. Ola Cabs launched in the city on 7 October 2014.

Attractions

Markets and shopping malls

For shopping, Markets such as Chaura Bazaar, Ghumar Mandi, Jawahar Nagar Camp and Mall Road are good places to buy from.

Malls such as Westend Mall (Wave Mall), MBD Mall, Silver Arc and Pavilion mall are good attractions as big malls.

Flames Mall, Ansal Plaza, SRS Mall and Govardhan City Center are also some good medium-sized malls.

Parks and recreation

Ludhiana is a mixture of Urban and Rural living. The city is surrounded by farming land on every side but inside the city there are very many parks that still exist for relaxation, walking and picnics.

Parks Such as Leisure Valley, Rose garden and PAU are very good places to walk and spend time.

Kabaddi

Guru Nanak Stadium is known for hosting the Kabaddi matches along with athletic games. Kabaddi world cup's finals have been played twice in Guru Nanak Stadium Ludhiana. The Stadium often hosts high-profile Kabbadi matches.

Skating

A skating rink for speed skating and roller hockey is there in Ludhiana in Leisure Valley, Sarabha Nagar. Many skaters like Harshveer Singh Sekhon and Saurabh Sharma has made Ludhiana proud by winning many medals at several district,state and national championships and representing India at various International Events.

Kila Raipur Sports Festival

Popularly known as Rural Olympics, is held annually in Kila Raipur (near Ludhiana), in Punjab, India. Competition is held for major Punjabi rural sports, include cart-race, rope pulling. Gill Sports Festival

Ansal Plaza

Located on Ferozpur road in a posh locality is well connected with major Landmarks of the city. It is the first international shopping mall of Ludhiana ,the pioneering project of Ansal Township and Projects Ltd. Spread over 1.5 lakh square feet it consists of above 35 stores and so one can get everything under one roof. The unique architectural features, air conditioned atmosphere, and world class facilities such as large floor plates, ,beautifully decorated and well-lit walkways, illuminated and stylish show windows, escalators and elevators makes the mall very attractive .

The mall houses the shops of Ethnic and western wear boutiques, Footwear and leather products, Gems and jewellary stores, Fashion accessories, Lifestyle and personal care products, Cosmetics and perfumes, Furnishing and interior decor, Electronics and home appliances, Multi-cuisine food courts, Snack counters, Coffee shops, Ice cream parlours , Supermarket. It also offers other facilitites like Travel convenience, Party rooms, Entertainment zone, Exclusive health club, Kid's club.

The mall also consists of the well-known national and international brands like- Raymonds, Levis, Lee, Nike, Reebok, Lee Cooper, Pepe, Arrow, Wrangler, Weekender, Benetton, Anchor store Pyramid, Meena Bazaar and Planet M etc. The mall offers numerous eating options with presence of Mc Donald's and KFC restaurants which offers fast food and pubs like Goeffrey's, Moti Mahal and various food courts which offers Arabian cuisine to authentic Italian Pizzas . All these world class facilities, the existence of global brands and finest eateries as a whole make the mall an ideal place for shopping and entertainment.

Baba Gajjuji Thapar Shrine

A three-century-old shrine of Baba Gajjuji Thapar located in Gurdev Nagar here in Ludhiana is not only a symbol of religious devotion but also of immense historical significance. For, it throws light on the strong attraction of the city that, even way back in the 18th century, pulled scores of migrants as far as from Kabul in Afghanistan to come and settle here in the land of plenty. With the Sutlej River flowing nearby, the place had attracted several civilizations to live here. Excavation found at Sanghol and Sunet, near here, also establish the charm of the place to the migrants.

From a domed and octagonal shrine with dilapidated parikarma and corridor, the shrine has now been renovated. Every year on the day of Amavasya of Bhadon, which invariably falls in the month of August, a large number of devotees, including some 600 families of the Thapars converge at the place to remember their forefathers. The day presents a unique chance to the family members of assembling at one place.

Battle of Aliwal - A War Memorial

An over 150-year-old monument, Flame of Memory, built by the British in memory of the last Anglo-Sikh war, the Battle of Aliwal, stands abandoned at the outskirts of Gora Hoor village near Aliwal, some 40 km from here. In spite of being declared a protected monument in 1964 under the Punjab Ancient, Historical Monuments, Archaeological sites and Remains Act, the memorial is dying a slow death for want of proper care by the State Department of Archaeology and Conservation.

Though constructed by the British in 1846 in memory of more than 400 British soldiers who perished in the battle, the monument also stands as an example of the bravery of the Sikh forces that fought the British Army till the proverbial last drop of their blood. However, the memorial built by the British was a very tall one. The original monument, which had weakened considerably due to non-conservation, was destroyed in the eighties during flash floods in the Sutlej River. After that the department got constructed a new but a much smaller monument.

Bhaini Sahib(Bhaini Ala)

Bhaini Sahib or Bhaini Ala is situated at a distance of about 25 kilometres on Ludhiana - Chandigarh Road. The village was originally known as such and came to be called Bhaini Sahib on account of its association with practice of giving the suffix to all notable Sikh religious places.

The following places at Bhainin Ala are specially venerated :

  • Thara
  • Loh (a big round iron pan)
  • Ram Sar (Sarowar/pond)
  • Diwan-wala Makan or Mandir
  • Akalbunga Well
  • Gaddi Sahib
  • Havankund and Warni
  • Bilwanwali Masjid, Bhir

Bhir consists of the famous octagonal shape mosque built by Mohammad Ghori in the year 1911,The mausoleum of Alawal Khan built during Shah Jehan's rule, 150 years old Khangah of Abdul Rehman Khan , tomb of Bahadur Khan built with sloping walls, 2 storied - double tomb of Husain Khan, and Rectangular shape Bilwanwali Masjid

Bilwanwali Masjid is the mosque of Kamal-ud-din Khan/Sarai Doraha dates back to the period of Emperor Jahangir, situated on the main highway of Ludhiana . On all sides it has rooms and verandahs and the two great double storied gates of the mosque are gracefully decorated with colored tiles, and elaborate brick carvings. The double pear shape dome of the mosque is very attractive.

Budha Nallah

Immediately under the high bank along the old course of the Satluj runs a perennial stream called the Budha Nala which takes its rise near Chamkaur, in Ropar district, and enters the district near Bahlolpur. It runs parallel to the Satluj on its south for a fairly large section of its course in the district and ultimately joins the Satluj at Gorsian Kadar Baksh, in the northwestern corner of the district.

The Budha Nala has a sinuous course and the width of the channel varies from place to place. It is a flooding stream during the rainy season but in the dry season it does not carry enough amount of water and it can be crossed on foot at certain points. Its water is quite clear and is used for a number of purposes. Machhiwara and Ludhiana are situated to the south of the Budha Nala.

Chhapar Fair

The Chhapaar Mela is celebrated in the village of Chhapaar in the district of Ludhiana every September. A village fair that originated, as a small gathering of locals to worship snake embodiment of Guga 150 years ago has emerged as a mega festival in the past three decades. This weeklong fair is organised on Anand Chaudas, the 14th day of the bright half of Bhadon in honour of Gugga Pir in Chhapar village of Dehlon block of Ludhiana district.

An impressive shrine, Gugge di Marhi, was built in memory of the Pir in 1890. Gugga Pir was a Chauhan Rajput and folklore has it that he descended into the bosom of Mother Earth along with his steed, and never returned. He is said to possess special powers over all kinds of snakes. On the day the fair begins, villagers scoop out earth seven times, invoking Gugga Pir to protect them against snakes. This shrine is believed to cure people of snakebites. The fair had started as a small congregation of the devotees of Guga, it has now transformed into a big festival.

Christ King Church, Sahnewal

The Christ King Church, located on the GT Road between Sahnewal and Doraha, was inaugurated by Cardinal Telesphore P Toppo, president of the Catholic Bishop Conference of India on 29th August 2004. The Church is said to be the first of its kind in the northern region in terms of its architecture, design and capacity. About 3000 people can sit in the prayer hall at a single time. The ceilings have special murals and frescoes with angels flying over it. The special work of art has been procured from Kerala. It took a lot of efforts and artistic work for a few years for the Church to be completed.

As the Christ King Church has been built to serve as a Center of Prayer for the faithful, this Church provides an opportunity to the people of the area to get together for the religious congregation. All we hoped that the message of peace would be spread from this church and people will pray here for world peace and the welfare of humanity.

Clock Tower(Ghanta Ghar)

Ludhiana City's best icon Clock Tower, popularly known as Ghanta Ghar, is more than 100 years old. It was on October 18, 1906, that the Victoria Memorial Clock Tower, Ludhiana, was inaugurated by the then Lt- Governor of Punjab and its dependencies, Sir Charles Montgomery along with Deewan Tek Chand, the then Deputy Commissioner, Ludhiana. The rulers of the day had chosen the spot for the tower keeping in mind the proximity of the business centre and the railway station.

In 1906, the tower was erected with the contribution of leading people of the city. At that time, it had been erected in the heart of the city, with Chaura Bazar, the courts and the tehsil office in the vicinity. Even today, the Clock Tower area is considered to be the epicenter of the city that has spread out far and wide over the last century.

Daresi Ground

Daresi Ground located in Old Ludhiana. Daresi Ground witnessed the Indian freedom struggle and even carried some part of the movement in its lap. It also provided a pedestal to leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi, who addressed rallies of national importance from here. The Hindi agitation movement is said to have been launched from here and for the past so many decades, it has been the place for several political rallies.

Degsar Sahib Gurudwara, Katana

Gurdwara Degsar Sahib is situated in village Katana along with Sirhind Canal near Grand Trunk Road. It is 25 kms. from Ludhiana, and 5 kms. from Doraha. Guru Gobind Singh spent a night here on his way to Alamgir with Muslim brothers Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan. During colonial rule the British had to divert their irrigation canal around the Gurdwara because of its religious sanctity.

This Gurdwara Sahib commonly know as Gurdwara Katana Sahib, is believed to have been visited by Guru Hargobind Ji during his journey through the Malwa country in 1631-34. This gurdwara is beautifully planned and has large extracts of land It is located along a canal and has beautiful view. Sangrand and Prakash Utsav of tenth Guru are celebrated here.

Dukh Niwaran Sahib Gurudwara

Dukh Niwaran Sahib is located in the heart of the city at Field Ganj, Near Jagraon Bridge, Ludhiana. Sri Dukh Niwaran Sahib is though not a Historic Place, still doing very well in Spreading Sikh Guru's Message to All Over.

Its Live Telecast is Usually Shown at Local Cable Networks and Popular TV Channels like MH1, ETC Punjabi and others. Everyday some 50,000 people, including people from other faiths come to pray at Gurudwara Dukh Niwaran.

Gurdwara Charan Kanwal Sahib, Machhiwara

Gurdwara Charan Kamal Sahib is situated on Charan Kamal Road in the town Machiwara. Gurdwara Charan Kanwal at Machhiwara marks the site of the garden where Guru Gobind Singh had a sip of water and a spell of brief sleep. It was here that his three devotees Dhram Singh, Daga Singh and Manu Singh joined him. The sacred shrine commemorating the historical event has a beautiful building, worthy of the holy tradition. An annual congregation fair is held in December, corresponding to 9th and 10th of Poh, the days of Guruji stay at Machiwara.

Another shrine popularly called Gurdwara Chubara Sahib is located at Machhiwara. Here at the house of Masand Gulaba the Guru spent the night. The place is known as 'Gulaba da Chubara'. It is here Gurji sang "Mitra Piyare Nu". The Gurdwara is supplied water from the same well believed to be the one from which garden was watered during those days.

Gurdwara Damdama Sahib Patshahi Chhevin, Doraha

Doraha is a town in the Ludhiana district. It lies 20 km. east of Ludhiana. It is believed that it is in this village that Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh Guru halted here for a night during his journey from the Gwalior fort. This city is famous because of its religious connections.

Gurdwara Damdama Sahib Patshahi Chhevin is the main attraction of this city. Constructed back in the year 1932, this memorial is well equipped with a rectangular flat roofed hall. Doraha Sarai, a historical monument, is another attraction. The stunning Doraha Canal located in the Doraha town is worth visiting.

Gurdwara Gau Ghat

Gurdwara Gau Ghat is situated on the bank of the stream Budha Nala, Gau Shala road, Ludhiana City. Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited the site in his travels during early sixteenth century. It is believed that Nawab of Lodhi Jalal-ud-din who lived in the fort nearby, came to pay respect to Guruji. The Nawab requested Guruji to save the town from erosion by the River Sutlej.

Guruji adviced him to leave it to the will of God. It so happened that in due course of time, river Satluj moved away from the city. A main hall stands at the site to mark the occasion. Prakash Divas of all Gurus are celebrated here. Baisakhi too is celebrated with enthusiasm.

Guru Hargobind Sahib Gurudwara, Ikhlaha

Gurdwara Guru Hargobind Sahib is situated in Ikulaha Village, 6 kms away from the city. This Gurdwara is associated with the visit of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Guruji stayed here for a while during his journey from Ghurain Kalan to Saunti in 1632.

The shrine is also known as Gurdwara Guru Sar Patshahi Chhevin. There is a Manji Sahib which marks the site where the Guruji is belived to have sat and from where he addressed to the devotees. Besides the daily services, and annual festival is held on 20th Baisakhi (early May) to mark the day of visit.

Guru Nanak Dev Bhawan

Guru Nanak Dev Bhawan is situated in 4 acres near the mini secretariat in Ludiana have an air-conditioned auditorium, which is the first of its kind in the Ludhiana city, a museum , art gallery, conference halls, a well-stocked library , shopping arcade with 48 shops and a theatre for staging plays.

The construction of the complex is not completed yet but a part of it where the auditorium, library and art gallery located was inaugurated by Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal in April 2000 with great fanfare .It is one of the project of the centenary celebrations of the Khalsa.

Guru Nanak Stadium

Guru Nanak stadium is situated in Ludiana. Ludhiana is well known as the sports capital of Punjab, as a record number of international sports infrastructure has come up in the recent years. It had the right of hosting 31 st National Games in the year 2001, in the newly constructed Guru Nanak Stadium. This Guru Nanak Sports complex provides some special modern facilities for games of Athletics, Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Handball, Gymnastics, Badminton, Table Tennis and other indoor games. The expense for the construction of the stadium will cost Rs.15.4 crore. It is illuminated with flood lights and has a capacity for 15000 spectators. There is an 8 path synthetic track with a two way warming up track.

The track conforms to the international standards for conduct of any national or international meet. National Football League matches will be conducted in its well - maintained football ground. Basketball Indoor Hall was built with a synthetic surface by the Sports Department at a cost of Rs.120.00 Lacs . Two additional outdoor Basketball courts are also available. All the three grounds are also illuminated with flood lights.

Gurudwara Attari Sahib, Kanghrali

Gurdwara Attari Sahib is situated in village Kanghrali, Tehsil Samrala on Ludhiana-Chandigarh road.

It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh Ji visited this place. Bhai Nanu Singh used to live at this place. He offered some weapons, which includes `Kaman' twenty-two arrows, two swords and some pistols to Guruji with devotion. On every 8th and 9th Maghar Sabha is being held. Nagar Kirtan and Dewan are being organised.

Gurudwara Sahib, Railkot

Guru Gobind Singh stayed where at Raikot, was the head quarter of the Pathan Chief Rai Kalla. He was a devoted follower of the Guru and a close relative of Nihang Khan of Ropar. He looked after the comforts of the Guru like a true and faithful disciple.

Under order of the Guru, he sent his man Nura Nabi to Sirhind to enquire about the welfare of the Guru's younger sons and his mother Mata Gujri. Rai Kalla with tears in his eyes narrated to the Guru the sad story of the immortal martyrdom of his two younger sons Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh as also of Mata Gujri. The Guru remarked that they were the gift of Akal Purkh (Almighty God) and have gone back to him.

Gurusar Sahib Gurudwara, Lall Kalan

Gurdwara Gurusar Sahib is situated in village Lal Kalan on Chandigarh-Ludhiana Road. This gurdwara marks the site graced by two Gurus. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji spent a night here.

Since then many devotees who want to get rid of boils, pimples they take bath in the pond nearby. Sayyid Pir Muhammed of Nurpur, who had been Guruji's Persian tutor, testified that the personage inside the palanguin was a most exalted Pir and the party was allowed to proceed. Prakash Utsav of first, sixth and tenth patshahis are celebrated here.

Hardy's World

Hardy's World is the largest water park of Punjab situated 7 km away from Ludiana. This is one of the eye - catching amusement park in the city which provides cafs and shopping complex and also offers as a place to arrange parties .This water city gives full fun to the tourists.

The entertainments in this park are float in the endless river, plummet down water slides, catch a wave in the water city, or just relax in the shade, ride the world's largest uphill water coaster the green extreme. The most striking one is its cool, bouncy, wet wave pool. One can enjoy this by getting into one of these and strike out against the others and feel the water spatter all around you as a fun . The water sports like skating in ice and snowfall will be conducted here. This water city is considered as the 3rd largest Indoor snow city of India.

Holy Cross Church

The newly renovated Holy Cross Church, Sarabha Nagar Ludhiana is the biggest in the city. This Catholic Church, which was constructed in 1963, is also the headquarter of the Catholic Spheres in the Ludhiana district. Except for the residence of the priest, the church has been renovated completely. It covers an area of more than 6,000 square feet. Rt Symphorian Keeprath, the Bishop of Jalandhar, is the architect for this church.

The church is 81 feet high. It includes a basement, a large balcony, and three storeys built on the balcony to carry the glowing stars and the Cross-, and a statue of Jesus Christ. The church hall is based on 19 pillars, which are 28 feet high. Constructed at a cost of Rs 1 crore approximately, the church has the capacity to accommodate 3,000 people.

The beautiful ceiling of the church narrates many historical and mythical stories, and has been made by six artists from Kerala. The blue background sports murals and paintings on the life of Jesus Christ. In the center is God, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. In a corner, there are Mother Mary, Jesus Christ and Joseph. On the rest of the ceiling are impressions of angels and followers of Jesus Christ.

Jama Masjid

Amidst the dense and thickly populated Field Ganj area here stands a dilapidated mosque, which has been a mute witness to some turbulent moments of history. The Jama Masjid Choon Gharan, now called Field Ganj, may be presenting a desolate look today, but it was not always so. The mosque had remained a center of hectic activity during the freedom struggle.

Currently the mosque has a seating capacity of about 6000 people. Every Friday more than 6000 people throng the place to offer the special Friday prayers. In the absence of an Idgah here, the Id prayers are also offered in the mosque.

Jarag Fair

This fair is held in Jarag, a village in Tehsil Payal. It is held in Chet (March-April) in honor of the goddess Seetla. It is also known as the Baheria fair. Sweet gulgulas (jaggery cakes fried in oil) are prepared one day earlier and then given in offering to the goddess and thereafter to the donkey who is her favorite. After propitiating the goddess, the family members cat the remaining savory gulgulas with great relish.

This festival is observed in Malwa and Powad but the fair is held only in Jarag. There is a pond where the devotees of Seetla gather. They scoop the earth and raise a small hillock, which is accorded the status of the goddess's shrine. Potters specially bring their donkeys decked in colored blankets.

Jassal's Art Gallery

Since the establishment Jassal's Art Gallery gave the best in the world of art to its esteemed customers - bringing the Fancy Artistic Frames, Photo Lamination, Wall Paintings and Gift Items. With the great dedication of Mr.Daljit Singh Jassal and his team at Jassal's Art Gallery, the gallery has now reached its overseas customers in different parts of the world.

Kanga Sahib Gurudwara, Pawat

Gurdwara Kangha Sahib is situated in the outskirts of village Pawat near village Bilorpur. It is 10 km from Machiwara and 25 km. from Chamkaur Sahib. The Gurdwara Sahib is situated at the place where Guru Gobind Singh Ji took rest for couple of hours, while coming from Chamkaur Sahib. It is surrounded by farmland.

Khawaja Azam Kothi

Khawaja Azam Kothi was the place of Khawaja Azam who was a noted nationalist Muslim leader. Today, the sprawling area of well over 2,000 yards is now housing transporters' business and a few shops apart from some residences inside its original premises. As one finds his way to the place where the kothi once stood tall with its grandeur and gardens on both the sides, the only thing reminiscent of the structure's pre-independence legacy is some old doors and dilapidated brick-walls of one part of the original structure, while almost all other traces have disappeared now.

Killa Raipur

Killa Raipur is situated 20 km away from Ludhiana, is the famous center where the Rural Olympics is conducted in mid-February .Large number of people from different parts of Punjab gathered here to view the sporting skills of the village youth. There are basically three types of competitions are held in the rural meets.

Firstly, the entirely rural games like Kabaddi, Wrestling, and Weight lifting are held and secondly, the performing sports like Acrobatics, Twisting an Iron-rod by placing it on the Adam's apple, passing a tractor over the rib cage, cracking a big stone slab by place it on the chest ,and more off beat feats, as seen where a youngster applied surma (kohl) on his eyes, with a knife held between his legs and finally there are the modern sports like Athletics, Hockey, Football, Volleyball, Handball, Cycling etc also held.

Kisan Fair

Punjab Agricultural University organizes a Kisan Mela in Ludhiana every year, where new techniques of farming are shown to the farmers. New hybrid quality seeds of food grains are displayed and sold. The unique features of the Kisan Mela are agro-industrial exhibitions, field demonstrations and question-answer session, besides, provision of diagnostic services, sale of seeds, and sale of farm literature.

Apart from this, the various departments of the Punjab Agricultural University showcase their technologies, which is a regular feature of the Kisan Mela at PAU. The farmers of Punjab are always very enthusiastic about the Kisan Mela. They use to come from different parts of the State; dressed in traditional attire.

Lodhi Fort

The over 500-year-old Lodhi Fort, constructed by Muslim ruler Sikander Lodhi on a strategic location along the banks of the Sutlej in the city. Sultan Lodhi constructed this fort. Shere-e-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh had got dug up a large and mysterious tunnel that connected the Lodhi Fort with his residential palace at Phillaur town across the Sutlej River.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum (Uppal Museum)

Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum (Uppal Museum) was instituted in 1999 with a few bare essentials, today stands strong. At the very entrance stands a huge statue of maharaja Ranjit singh sitting proud and magnificent on a throne. Towards the right and left of the statue one can find tanks, apec car, anti-aircraft gun, car scout and an old sukhoi fighter aircraft, along with a massive model of the ins vikrant.

Walking up several steps one is lead into the entrance hall, where on the right is a line of portraits of Punjabis, who have been awarded the Paramvir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra and Vir Chakra. This museum has mainly two galleries which are Kargil Gallery and Historic Gallery.

Kargil Gallery: It covers complete Kargil war, with brief history of Kargil, Maskhoh Valley, Darass, Batalic and Kaksar area with map and huge blow up depicting the true scene of war. It also has a Diorama of Operation Vijay and rotating translite-containing photographs of gallantry awardees. A Touch figure Multi-Media Kiosk for detailed information has also been installed in this gallery.

Historic Gallery : This Gallery contains Diorama of 1st and 2nd battles of Panipat and Battle of Aliwal (Anglo Sikh War) and Blowups of Rama Ravna Yudh, Alexander and Porus, Maharaja Sher singh and Sardar Baghel Singh along with their great warriors. The Gallery is equipped with portraits of Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, Nawab Kapur Singh, Talking Soldiers of Krishna, Gupta, Mughal and Sikh era. Muti-Media kiosks have been installed for detailed information.

Mali Ganj

The winding, twisting lanes of Mali Ganj are typically old-fashioned. The locality was built decades ago. The closely constructed houses with raised entrance and open centres remind one of the forties when life was lived at an unhurried pace. But today, the locality can no longer boast of its old charm. In fact, the modern lifestyle with its attendant changes has transformed the whole complexion of the area.

With each passing year, the locality has undergone changes, so much so that it would be practically impossible to catch even a glimpse of the old Mali Ganj. One could easily pinpoint two conspicuous changes - one was the multi-fold increase in shops and the other was the plummeting civic sense.

Manji Sahib Gurudwara, Alamgir

This Gurudwara stands at a place where Guru Gobind Singh stayed for a few days after covering journey full of hazards, because of the presence of Mughal military contingents in the area. On reaching Alamgir 11 km from Ludhiana and not finding any drinking water, the Guru shot an arrow into the ground where appeared a spring. This spring has been converted into a tank known as 'Tirsar' (arrow lake). Nearby stands the magnificent six-storied Gurudwara Manji Sahib.

Manji Sahib Gurudwara, Kanech

Gurdwara Manji Sahib, is situated 20 Kms. South-east of Ludhiana City, a village Kanech. It is 1.5 kms. from Grand Trunk Road. After leaving Machiwara, Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed here for a short while. Gurpurabs of first, fifth and tenth patshahis are celebrated here. Also Shahidi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur is organized here.

Mosque Koom Kalan

It is after 60 long years that the azan (the call to Muslims for prayers) has started reverberating in the skies of this small hamlet. The doors of the mosque were opened after local residents led by sarpanch Karnail Singh Kelly handed it over to the Al Habib Charitable Trust on June 25 2007.

The people who had migrated here from Pakistan converted the mosque into a gurdwara. It was used as a gurdwara till 1971 when the locals constructed a new gurdwara there. Since then, the mosque had remained closed.

Mughal Sarai at Doraha

This 17th centuary beautiful Sarai (protected monument) situated at Doraha Village to the south of Ludhiana -Khanna road, built by the Mughal ruler Jahangir. This huge rectangular Sarai has octagonal bastions at each corner with168m. Square area of battlemented walls and also has rooms and verandahs on all sides .It have a huge two double-storied gateways in the centre on northern and southern sides, connected with a kachha pathway. The northern gate was painted with floral designs and the southern gate has flora and fauna paintings.

Sarai has 20 rooms on northern and southern sides and 30 rooms eastern and western sides each with a suite of three rooms in the centre . The walls and ceilings of these rooms were richly painted with bright colours. The octagonal opening in the ceilings is for light and ventilation and a distinctive "hammam system" for boiling water are the most notable ones.

Museum of Rural Life of Punjab

The Museum of Rural life of Punjab in the campus of the Punjab Agricultural University is one of the must-sees for any tourist of Punjab. This museum displays the Punjabi Culture to its best. The PAU is perhaps, the only university in India to have a museum like this.

The museum assumes much importance since the rural Punjab is changing fast. The old traditions and customs, which were rampant till the last decade, are now losing their stand with the intervention of the technology. Women fetching water in gaggars (the bronze pot) from the village well are no more seen. Old bronze utensils are now antique pieces.

The whole credit for building up this museum goes to Dr. M.S. Randhawa, the first Vice Chancellor of this University. It was he who conceived the idea and initiated the project. He decided suitable design for the building and collected the old objects from small ancient villages and towns like Sultanpur Lodhi, Rahon, Goindwal, Zira and Sunam.

The museum has a beautiful facade. It resembles the traditional houses of rural Punjab. It lies in a 4000 sq. Yards area. The museum looks splendid while also maintaining the simplicity of rural life. A 100-yard long path, flanked on both sides by water channels, leads to the finely carved doors of the museum.

Interiorly the museum is divided into various sections. The very first room contains a collection of Harappan pottery and coins. Next is an open kitchen, which includes all the necessary kitchen equipment like a big paraat, an old type of Chulha (the hearth), a peerhi etc. Besides there are two dummies of housewives - one carrying a gaggar (the bronze pot) on her head and another rolling the chappatis. In a room on the left are placed old bronze utensils for cooking, eating, drinking and milking the cattle.

Nanaksar Gurudwara, Jagraon

It is Located near Jagraon at a distance about 38 Kms from Ludhiana on Ferozepur road, Gurudwara founded by Baba Nand Singh, Nanaksar Sahib is a model of elegance and architecture A five days fair is held here in his memory in August every year and nearly one-lakh devotees attend it from all parts of India. In addition every year Jor Mela is organized in a big way from 13th January to17th January, which attracts sangat from all over.

Nanaskar Sahib Gurudwara, Thakarwal

Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib is situated in village Thakarwal in the outskirts of Ludhiana City. It is 8 kms. from Ludhiana City. It is said that Guru Nanak Dev Ji, came to this place from Gurdwara Gau Ghat, Ludhiana Guruji stayed at this place with Bala and Mardana for 3-4 days.

It is said that villagers didn't care for presence of Guruji except one old man. When Guruji was going to leave the village, the old man came with bucket full of milk for him. He apologized for ignorance of villagers. Guruji Bala and Mardana drank that milk. He is said to have advised the local chief to be kind and just to his subjects. This Gurdwara sahib has a large complex with adequate space around. All Gurpurabs are celebrated here.

Nehru Rose Garden

Nehru Rose Garden situated in Ludhiana city was established in 1967.This is one of the largest rose garden in asia, spreads over an area of 30 acres, which planted more than 17,000 plants with 1,600 varieties of roses ,which gives a greenery sight .It is a picnic spot with landscaped lawns ,musical fountain, pathway ,mini-zoo and also offers boat rides in the pool are the major entertainments which attracts the visitors. It is also considered as a best spot for jogging and walking. The famous annual rose festival of the city is conducted in this garden which attracts thousands of visitors.

Phillaur Fort(Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort)

This small Fort alias Ludhiana Fort is situated in Phillaur, Punjab on the banks of the Sutlej River,14Km from Ludhiana. It is an ancient ( 17th century) fort .In the second half of the century it was transformed to a serai and in the 18 th centuary it was further converted into a mud fort and then in 1809-12 it became the military fortress of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The governor general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Dewan Mohkam Chand intelligently designed the fort very beautifully ,which makes it very fascinating to the tourists.

The fort was then converted by the British into the Police training center and now occupied by the Police Academy of Punjab. The fort is having a huge entrance gate and one can reach the fort through the winding paths or through waterway, adjoining the outer boundary. Inside this Fort complex we can see the famous shrine of Pir-i-Dastgir, also known as Abdul Kadir Galani and tombs of Muslim Saints and tombs belonging to members of Shah Shuja's family.

Pir-I-Dastgir Shrine

Pir-I-Dastgir Shrine also known as Abdul Kadir Galani, situated inside the Ludhiana fort to the north-west of Ludhiana. The tombs of famous Muslim saints and the tombs belonging to members of Shah Shuja's family can be seen in this shrine. Both Hindu and Muslim pilgrims visits here.

Prof. Mohan Singh Fair

Prof. Mohan Singh Mela is a cultural festival, where artists, writers, poets and dancers from all over Punjab gather and perform. The aim of this festival is to promote Punjabi culture, language and literature. It is a unique fair of cultural confluence of Punjabi artists, writers and folk performers- kind of a feast that may, again, be called typically Punjabi. Alongside this cultural extravaganza noted writers and artists are honoured for their contribution to the promotion of Punjabi literature, language and culture.

At this annual festival, the emphasis has always been as much on the contribution of the poet to Punjabi literature as on the cultural heritage of Punjab.

Punjabi Bhawan

Dr Radhakrishnan the then Vice-President of India laid Punjabi Bhawan's foundation stone on July 2, 1966. The Bhawan functions as the head office of the Punjabi Sahit Akademi. It also has the District Language Office, the Punjab School Education Board Office and a bookshop on its premises.

Rural youth and workers in rural areas look upon it as a nucleus of musical shows or the venue of Prof Mohan Singh Mela. The urban youth and the rich come here to attend 'star-nites' or fashion shows. The open-air theatre is in the Bhawan was named after Balraj Sahni, theatre and film actor, by Dr M.S. Randhawa. Poets get together for their monthly meetings in the committee room. Academicians, critics and students assemble in Rana Seminar Hall for exchange of ideas.

The Punjab Bhawan also houses a reference library, one of best in the region in terms of collection of books, documents and papers. Punjabi Sahit Akademi also organises academic and literary functions. It holds the prestigious Kartar Singh Dhaliwal annual awards ceremony.

Rara Sahib Gurudwara

This holy abode has been a place of worship and penance of the immortal sage, the great "Sriman 111" Sant Isher Singh Ji. This is the place where he tirelessly devoted himself to God. The present form of the Gurdwara is a monument built in his memory.

The exquisite use of marble on all sides the high domes, cupola canopies and the splendid entrance of the Gurdwara provide a divine look to Karamsar. The Gurdwara is located 22 Km Southeast of Ludhiana.

River Satluj

Sutlej River is situated on the northern side of the city approximately 15 km away from the city centre. It is only during monsoon season that the river has water flowing into it. Satluj takes its origin from Mansarovar Lake in the Tibbet (China).

Roshni Mela - Fair of Lights

This mela is held on 13th of Phalgun. Devotees from far of places visit the dargah and also of Mai Zeena situated about 500 metres from the dargah. Mai Zeena was one of the wives of Baba Mohkamdin. She served as watchman of Baba Mohkamdin during his period of meditation. Mai Zeena used to answer questions of devotees.

This fair is held in Jagraon from the 14th to the 16th of Phagun in honor of a Muslim Pir, Abdul Kader Jalani. It is held in the vicinity of his tomb. Although it is a Muslim fair in origin, the Hindus of the area also flock to the site of this shrine. Even after Partition, this fair has been held regularly. Circus, magic shows, swings were the main attraction of the historic Roshni Mela.

It is called the 'fair of lights' because innumerable devotees who come to visit the place light earthen lamps at the shrine of the pir. The lights are visible from long distances. It is believed that whatever wish one sincerely makes at the shrine of this pir is granted. Young people sing bolian and perform dances, thus adding to the gaiety and glamour of the fair. It is sheer delight to villagers performing dances and singing songs to the sweet strains of the flute and the one-stringed instrument called Toomba.

Sanglan Wala Shivalaya Mandir

This 400 years old Sanglan Wala Shivalaya Mandir is situated in the old Ludhiana city dedicated to Lord Siva. The temple celebrates Shivratri festival very magnificently and large number of devotees irrespective of religion gathered in the Mandir in the early morning to worship the Lord and they offer water, milk and ?ber? to the Lord.

During the Shravan month large number of Kanwarias went to Hardwar from Ludiana to get holy water from the River Ganga in order to offer this holy water to Lord Siva in the Sanglan Wala Shivalaya Mandir.

Shri Ayyappa Temple

Shri Ayyappa Temple situated in Ludhiana, Punjab is dedicated to Lord Ayyappa. There are also four other temples inside this temple complex , which are dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Lord Ganesh ,Lord Siva, and Goddess Devi Matha. Makaravilakku festival of this temple is celebrated magnificently by conducting a shobha yatra with traditional poojas

Shri Krishna Mandir

Shri Krishna Mandir is very famous and biggest temple of Ludhiana. It is situated in Model Town Extension, Ludhiana. Shri Krishna Mandir is one of the newest beautifully furnished temples constructed on 500 Sq. yards. More than 520 statues have been established in this temple.

The main attraction is the 37 feet high statue of Lord Hanuman. Janam Ashtami, Dushera, and Shivratri are three festivals celebrated with great fervor, enthusiasm and glory at Krishna Mandir. A large number of devotees, use to recite bhajans and shlokas and Devotees kept pouring on this temples during the whole day.

The administration of this temple also runs a charitable hospital for poor; provide free medicines and operation facilities.

Sidhwan Canal

Sidhwan Canal is a distributory of a main canal originating from Bhakra dam flows through the southern part of the city. The canal has a sizeable discharge of 1600 cusecs of water. However, the canal water is meant for irrigation and hence not used for domestic supply in Ludhiana city. Thus there is not surface water available for domestic or industries purpose.

Soil Museum

Soils Museum located in the Department of Soils is one of its kinds in Northern India depicting detailed information about the soil resources of Punjab State based upon research carried out in the Department. The work of Soils Museum was initiated in the 1970 at the instance of Dr. M.S.Randhawa, then the Vice-Chancellor of the University.

The museum has six levels (floors), the first three levels depict the soils as they occur in nature whereas the other levels are related with soil fertility. Soil maps of World, India and Punjab, monoliths of representative soils profiles of Punjab, specimens of rocks and minerals, atomic structure model of minerals etc. are shown in the museum.

The museum serves as a tool for teaching and research in the field of soil and water conservation, fertility management and soil resource inventory. Young farmers, Officials from State Agriculture Department and students from other State Agriculture University often visit to the museum for updating their knowledge.

Sri Durga Mata Mandir

Shri Durga Mata Mandir is a place for pilgrimage for people in Ludhiana. Hundreds of devotes throng the mandir daily for prayers. People come to mandir to take blessings of Maa Durga. Due to Ma Durga's blessing mandir has now a larger complex.

Its uniqueness lies in that only in Durga Mata Mandir one can find idols of Guru Nanak Devji, Vivekanand ji, Bhagwan Mahawir and Budha along with other Hindu idols.

Sri Guru Singh Sabha Gurudwara, Bhai Randhir Singh Nagar

The residents of Bhai Randhir Singh Nagar gracefully established Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha in early 1982 in a vast area of land in E-block inaugurating the Diwan Asthan initially in a small room. Gurudwara Singh Sabha got registered with Registrar of firms and societies, Punjab on 28th November 1983. Gradually it came up with magnificent buildings and a vast area was converted into most modern and spiritual campus to make a more humane, pure and positive world through Gurbani recitations and other religious and social activities.

Parkash Asthan studded with shining stones and glasses presents an attractive view in a big hall with spacious galleries and could accommodate thousands of devotees on all celebrations. It is surrounded by lush picturesque, beautiful lawns of green grass and seasonal flowers inspiring spiritual sagacity and environments with sweet sounds and tones of hymns from Shri Guru Granth sahib.

Sri Guru Singh Sabha Gurudwara, Model

Located in Model Town Extension, near Krishna Mandir, the Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha's splendour gradually unfolds as you walk through the doors. A flight of stairs leads you to the congregation hall; the three domes above stand as palpable symbols of Sikh architecture. On a well-decorated pedestal in the western corner of this hall lies Sri Guru Granth, which Sikhs regard as their 11th Guru. From this hall, the stairway descends into Langar or dining hall that can accommodate 300 people at a time.

Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Model Town Extn. is one of the famous sabha among other two or three in Ludhiana City. Within less than 12 years from 1987 to 1998, this institution has achieved so many milestones. The residents of Model Town and nearby areas helped whole-heartedly and the enormous and magnificent building of Gurudwara Singh sabha has been beautifully constructed with latest techniques and design on 4825 Sq. Yards plot. Gradually it came up with magnificent buildings and a vast area is transformed into most modern and spiritual campus to make a more humane, pure and positive world through Gurbani recitations and other religious and social activities.

Subhani Building

The imposing heights, delicately designed and carefully crafted wood work and the hanging galleries of wood on all sides of the Subhani building speak of its past. Subhani Miyan, a businessman, had constructed Subhani building in 1931. The building was believed to be one of the few tall buildings in Ludhiana with six stories. Its spacious rooms and multiple stairs speak of the motive of the man who had constructed the house and rightly named it after himself.

The building with about 20 rooms had all the facilities, which may be considered a luxury even from the modern standards. Subhani Miyan had several children and he had constructed one room for each son, besides several guest rooms with a central lobby. The entrance to the house was decoratively designed, the remains of which can be seen even now.

The building appears to have been constructed not with an architectural design only but also with an aesthetic sense. The woodwork still makes the visitor feel awe-struck. The quality of wood, apparently deodar, is too good to have succumbed to the vagaries of weather for the past so many years.

Sunet - The Historical Village

Historic places always attract curiosity. They act as a potential magnet for tourists. Sunet, a village now surrounded by Bhai Randhir Singh Nagar, a posh colony of the city, is one such place. It had first hogged limelight in the early 1980s when thousands of coins and sealing dating as old as first century AD were found during excavations carried out by the National Department of Archaeology, Punjab. Sunet village comprising of ancient mounds, some of which were excavated, is, sadly, passing into oblivion.

Tiger Safari Zoo

Zoo in Ludhiana called as Tiger Safari, situated 6 kms from the main city on GT Road on Ludhiana-Jalandhar Highway coveres an area of on 25 acres. It was established in 1993 and here one can see the majestic tigers are freely wandering in the dense forest, black bucks, sambhars, rabbits and lots of peacocks. It is a good picnic spot for the children and they thrilled to see the bathing of the tigers in the pool and sleeping under the bushes.

In all zoo we can see the tigers in a huge cage but here it is very thrilling experience to see the group of tigers wandering freely in this zoo other than any other zoo. A bell rung at 5 o'clock and they are locked in their cage by giving them meat to eat for the night. Tiger Safari in this Zoo is conducted by a private company under a contract given by the Wild Life Department .The company provides two buses for this service. The Deer Park at Neelon on Ludhiana- Chandigarh road is the near by atraction .

Valmiki Bhawan

The four-storey building of Valmiki Bhavan is located on Chandigarh Road in Jamalpur in the Ludhiana city. The Chief Minister Punjab - Mr. Parkash Singh Badal on 4th November 2001, inaugurated this bhavan, claimed to be the first of its kind in the state.

This building, which has been constructed in a record time on a 9006 square feet piece of land, allotted by Punjab Govt, has a meditation hall, an auditorium, a spacious hall on second floor and a library-cum-reading room and a committee room with office on third floor. A generator has also been provided at the building.

This "Valmiki Bhavan" is now a hub of social and cultural activities in the city and the library, being set up here, is having wide range of religious books.